Severe pain is one of the main reasons why people seek medical treatment. There are three kinds of pain - acute, chronic and terminal. In Acute pain, the cause is easily identifiable and with proper treatment, the patient gets better within a few weeks or months. In chronic pain, the symptoms are not easily distinguishable and it can take quite some time to find the right cure. Terminal pain involves alleviating pain and suffering of patients who are suffering from terminal diseases like cancer. Pain rehabilitation is available at government hospitals as well as private hospitals.
Pain management rehabilitation involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes pharmacologic measures, non-pharmacologic measures and psychological measures.
- Pharmacologic measures include the use of analgesics such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (External website that opens in a new window) (NSAIDs) or narcotics and pain modifiers such as tricyclic antidepressants or anticonvulsants.
- Non-pharmacologic measures include therapies such as interventional procedures, physical therapy, physical exercise and application of ice and/or heat.
- Psychological measures consist of biofeedback and cognitive therapy.
Interventional procedures are usually used for chronic back pain. It includes epidural steroid injections, facet joint injections, neurolytic blocks, Spinal Cord Stimulators and intrathecal drug delivery system implants.